Week 2 – Chapter 9 Artifact

Chapter 9 Rationale

“Concerns for learner motivation and motivational design processes have been growing in instructional systems…” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017, p. 78). Motivation is important when creating curriculum, but it is important to look at human performance and user experience (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017).

To successfully be able to design “holistic programs of human performance development, the instructional designer must understand and integrate capability, opportunity and motivation” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017, p. 79). Two types of motivation are intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic focuses on the internal, while extrinsic is external. “Extrinsic motivation, when carefully prescribed, can be used to build learners’ intrinsic motivation” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017, p. 79).

Curiosity is one aspect of motivation and it is important to understand that learners can be curious about a topic but bored by the delivery (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017). The student will not be motivated to engage in the learning process.

Motivation is an internal construct embedded in personal experience and expectations.

Reiser & Dempsey, 2017, p. 83


Reiser, R.A. & Dempsey, J.V. (2017). Trends and issues in instructional design and technology. (4th. ed.). Pearson: Boston, MA.

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