Week 2 – Reflective Journal Entry

Chapter 6 & 7 Overview

Chapter 6

“Regardless of the difference among psychological perspectives on learning, an underlying assumption of most is that instruction will bring about learning” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017, p. 52). There have been distinctions between “learning as an instructed process and learning as a cultural process” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017, p. 52). Culture plays a role in the learning process. People bring their cultural experiences and social norms into the classroom and learning experiences (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017).

Chapter 7

Constructivism is a common term heard within K-12 education (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017). Basic principles of constructivism include: active process of meaning-making, cognitive conflict or challenge, and learning as social activity” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2017, p. 61).

Reiser & Dempsey, 2017,p. 62

Constructivism puts the job of learning on the learners rather than the teacher. There are some questions to consider such as:

  • Are the learners prepared?
  • Motivated and emotionally mature?
  • Prior knowledge to handle the environment?
  • Adequate access to information?

In addition to the concerns about constructivism, there are situations when constructivism is not the best approach:

  • Content consist of technical materials with fixed known rules
  • High stakes exam curriculum
  • Short time frame for preparation
  • environment is not learner-centered


Reiser, R.A. & Dempsey, J.V. (2017). Trends and issues in instructional design and technology. (4th. ed.). Pearson: Boston, MA.

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